Ways to Keep Healthy (Back to Top)
Smoking is the cause of many diseases. Smoking in pregnancy affects both mother and baby and passive smoking has been shown to be harmful to others. There are various methods of helping people to stop smoking and if you cannot manage it on your own you should seek help from your Doctor.
Moderate consumption of alcohol should not cause problems but alcohol in excess can be harmful. The recommended safe limit is 21 units a week for men and 14 units for women, spread throughout the week. A unit is approximately one glass of wine , half a pint of beer or a single measure of spirit.
Regular exercise is good for circulation and general wellbeing and is a good habit to maintain from youth. If you have not exercised recently, do not do anything too strenuous to begin with, but build up gradually. If in doubt about your fitness have a word with your doctor or nurse before starting.
Healthy eating helps reduce the risk of developing many conditions such as heart disease, cancer, constipation, diabetes, obesity and tooth decay. A well balanced diet should contain a variety of foods with plenty of fruit and vegetables and foods rich in starch and fibre. Eat the right amount to be a healthy weight and avoid too much fat and sugary foods. Further dietary advice is available from our nursing staff.
The Family First Aid Box (Back to Top)
Here is a list of useful medicines and dressings. Keep them in a box or cupboard well out of the reach of children.
- Paracetamol Tablets
For adult use. Good for headaches, sore throats and general pain.
- Paracetamol Mixture
Calpol for relief of pain or fever in children.
For stuffy noses and head colds use inhalants, e.g. Vic, Olbas Oil or Karvol. Always read the directions on the label.
- Calamine Lotion
Apply directly to take the heat out of insect bites, stings and sunburn.
Sticky plaster dressings, cotton wool, antiseptic solution and three inch crepe bandage.
Invest in a good one. A digital thermometer is easy to read and will last a lifetime.
Management of Common Ailments (Back to Top)
Many conditions get better on their own and can be treated successfully at home. Your pharmacist may be able to help you with these and advise about medicines you can buy over the counter.
- Cold and Flu
These usually start with a runny nose, cough, temperature and aches. Children with these symptoms often get swollen glands at the same time. These are mostly caused by a virus and antibiotics are of no use in their management. Treatment with paracetamol and other simple remedies is usually enough. Remember to drink plenty of fluids. If you or your child seem very unwell, or if the symptoms last for more than a few days, you should consult your doctor.
- Diarrhoea and Vomiting
In adults and older children, diarrhoea and vomiting will usually get better on its own. Treatment consists of replacing the fluid you have lost and resting the digestive system by having nothing to eat for 24 hours. Fluids in small quantities should be taken frequently. If diarrhoea contains blood or there is severe pain or high fever you should discuss it with your Doctor.
Diarrhoea and vomiting in small babies and young children should be treated with caution, and your Doctor will be happy to advise you about this over the phone and arrange to see you if necessary. Elderly people and those with medical conditions (e.g. diabetes) should consult the Doctor.
- Back Pain
Most acute strains and sprains will settle within a few days. It is considered best to keep mobile and control pain with simple painkillers such a s paracetamol. If the pain is difficult to control or not improving, then consult your Doctor.
- Head Lice
Head lice may affect anyone and are not a sign of poor hygiene. Regular combing of hair with a special comb (purchased from the chemist) has been shown to be as effective as lotions but medicated head lotion can be obtained from the chemist without a prescription.
- Insect Bites and Stings
Most of these do not need treatment. Anti-histamine tablets can be obtained from the chemist without prescription and will relieve most symptoms.
Theses are common in children. It is worth checking to see if others in the family are affected. Some people like to treat only the family members affected but many like to treat the whole family, just in case. Treatments are available form the chemist.
Sit in a chair (leaning forward with your mouth open) and pinch your nose just below the bone for about ten minutes by which time the bleeding usually stops. If bleeding continues, consult your Doctor.
- Burns and Scalds
Remove any clothing from the area and apply lots of cold water. Do not burst any blisters that form. If there is a large area involved or if the blisters are broken you should see the nurse for a dressing or seek medical help.
Childhood Problems (Back to Top)
- The Child with a Temperature
We are aware of how worrying it can be to have a sick child. If you are concerned about your child we will always be able to see them the same day at Surgery. We do ask that you bring your child to the Surgery. A child will come to no harm being brought to the Surgery and can usually be seen sooner. Your co-operation in this matter is greatly appreciated. It is always wise to keep a supply of children's paracetamol (Calpol) at home. Paracetamol reduces a child's temperature so should be given four-hourly whenever a child has a temperature. In most minor illnesses in childhood this is the only treatment required.
If you are worried about the child or if the child fails to improve in two or three days, he or she should be brought to the surgery for a check.
- Chicken Pox
This is the most common childhood infection, for which, immunisation is not universally available. The rash typically takes the form of small blisters and is infectious until all the spots crust over. Usually it is fairly mild and only needs treatment with calamine lotion to ease the itching and paracetamol to help the fever. Both of these can be bought from a chemist. **DO NOT give your child ibuprofen if they have Chicken Pox**
Mumps is a viral infection involving the salivary glands and presents as swelling of one or both sides of the face and neck. IMMUNISATION CAN PREVENT THIS DISEASE.
We hope all children will now be immunised against Measles, Mumps and German Measles by having the MMR injection soon after their first birthday, with a booster at age four.
All the above infections are caused by viruses and usually require no treatment from the Doctor. However, if your child appears particularly unwell or if you are worried, your Doctor will be happy to give you advice.
Pregnancy (Back to Top)
For information about local maternity services and to self-refer to a midwife, please click here.
Joint Pains (Back to Top)
- Joint Pains
If you are over 16 years of age and have a back or neck problem, a joint or muscular pain, or have had a recent injury such as a sprain, you are able to self-refer to physiotherapy. Please click here.
Chronic Pain (Back to Top)
- Chronic Pain
If you live with chronic (long-term) pain, help is available through the "Better Days Pain Support Programmes". These are social, physical and mental health support programmes, which are currently run virtually. For more information and to book, please click here.